Hope church of Christ

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"But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us” (Romans 5:8).

Lesson 15: New Home in Capernaum and Calling Fishermen

Luke 4:31; Matthew 4:13-17; Matthew 4:18-22; Mark 1:14-20; Luke 5:1-11

The life of Christ

Review Questions:

1.      What did the account of Elijah and the widow and also Elisha and Naaman teach us?

2.      Why were the people so angry with what Jesus said in Nazareth?

3.      What does the account of the woman at the well teach us about how Jesus interacted with people?

Notes on the Text

       I.            A New Home in Capernaum (Luke 4:31; Matthew 4:13-17)

                A.            Luke 4:31—Simply stated that He went there and preached in the synagogue there on the Sabbaths—apparently spent some time here.

                 B.            Matthew 4:13-16—Isaiah 9:1-2 is fulfilled here.

    II.            Calling Fishermen (Matthew 4:18-22; Mark 1:14-20; Luke 5:1-11)

                A.            This is almost a year after Jesus began His ministry.

                 B.            Matthew 4:18-22; Mark 1:14-20

                              1.            These are general summaries of the events that Luke records.

                              2.            This possibly happened after Luke's account too, because there are some differences between these and Luke's, but no contradictions.

                              3.            It is likely that these things happened the next day, or some time soon after Luke 5:1-11.

                 C.            Luke 5:1-11

                              1.            1-3—Jesus used the boat to keep distance between Him and the crowd because they were pressing against Him.

                                           a.            This was for safety as well as projection of His voice.

                                          b.            The water would help the sound carry to the crowds better.

                              2.            4-7—Jesus finished and told them to go out into the deep and fish.

                                           a.            This was to be a lesson for Peter on faith and also on evangelism.

                                          b.            Peter had no success fishing, but took Jesus' words to heart and went out into deeper waters.

                                           c.            We need to launch out into the deep too

                                                      1.            Deep study

                                                                    i.            How can we improve our study skills?

                                                                  ii.            What do you do to study—this can help others know what to do.

                                                      2.            Deep action—things that we may consider dangerous or difficult

                                                                    i.            Reaching out to others around us

                                                                  ii.            Risking rejection

                                                                iii.            Risking different levels of persecution

                                          d.            Peter had latent faith that came alive a bit in this instance.

                                                      1.            We know that because he cast out the net even though he had no success the night before.

                                                      2.            Do you think he may have been tired?

                                                      3.            If this were a normal man telling him to cast out, a carpenter no less, how do you think you would have responded?

                                           e.            Peter's faith was rewarded.

                                                      1.            The got so much fish they could not get it in without help from other boats!

                                                      2.            This is a sign of the power of Jesus, and Peter understood this.

                              3.            8-9—This was enough to convince Peter, or at least remind him of who Jesus was.

                              4.            10-11—Peter (and perhaps the others) were told that from then on they would catch men.

                                           a.            Jesus would provide a catch just like the one they witnessed.

                                          b.            The catch will be of men.

                                           c.            This obviously means that if they would trust Jesus, he would show them how to do this.

                                          d.            This is a very important move in the life of Jesus.

                                                      1.            Imagine what would have happened if He did not attempt to train disciples?

                                                      2.            Key ingredients Jesus used for discipling others

                                                                    i.            time

                                                                  ii.            teaching

                                                                iii.            practice

                                                                iv.            Can you think of anything else?

                                                      3.            This is important and should be practiced today.

                                                                    i.            This is one area that is often missed in the restoration movement.

                                                                  ii.            This happens when a preacher enlists a young man to train, but not often any more.

                                                                iii.            Jesus trained a lot of people, not just one.

                                                                iv.            Paul behaved in the exact same way as Jesus. The other apostles evidently did the same as well.

                                                                  v.            Do we have responsibility to develop/mentor others? How can we do this?

Thought Questions:

1.      How long does it take to build a trust with others so that you can teach them?

2.      How do you go about building this level of trust?

3.      In your own mind, try to think of at least one person in your life who you could help them in their spiritual walk. How can you help that person?

Hope church of Christ, PO Box 985, Hope, AR 71802